According to the Statistics Canada report, immigration to Canada continues to be the primary cause for 61 % of Canada’s population growth, with a total surge of 321,065 new immigrants in the year 2018. The population of Canada reached 37,314,442 at the beginning of 2019 due to the rise of new immigrants in 2018. The population of Canada increased by over half a million, i.e., 528,421 people in the year 2018. 80.5 percent of the growth is due to International migration which is a total of 425,245 new immigrants and temporary residents of Canada.
Temporary residents in Canada are those individuals who were given the right to live in Canada but temporarily on a student, work or visit permit granted by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The immigration numbers which were reported exceed natural growth numbers – births minus deaths for the year, i.e. 103,176.
According to the Statistics Canada report, the population growth bump is uncommon for the fourth quarter of a year, since population growth decreases due to seasonal patterns. International migration has been the primary cause of population growth. This might be due to the initiatives of the Government of Canada introduced in past years to enhance its immigration system.
The government of Canada started its Express Entry selection system in the year 2015. The federal government chooses candidates who meet the country’s labour market requirements and later invites them to apply for Canadian permanent residence through Express Entry.
The system is well designed to simplify the processing of applications for three main economic immigration programs of Canada which include Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and the Federal Skilled Worker Class and maintain the processing time to less than six months.
Canada made a record when it issued 89,800 Invitations to Apply (ITAs) to eligible candidates for Canadian permanent residence through the Express Entry system in the year 2018. IRCC released its 3-year immigration levels plan in the fourth quarter of 2018 for 2019 to 2021. The central component of that plan is economic immigration, which got an admissions target of 330,800 new permanent residents for 2019.
This number continued to grow annually and expected to reach 350,000 by 2021 which is approximately one percent of Canada’s population. Due to the increase in immigration rate of Canada, the country aspires to attract and preserve overseas talent so as to support labour market shortages. Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is another important feature of the three-year immigration levels plan which aims to rise from 61,000 new admissions in the year 2019 to 71,300 new admissions in the year 2021.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) which was introduced in 1998 lets participating Canadian territories and provinces to nominate a certain number of eligible candidates for Canadian permanent residence to meet their local labour market needs. According to the quarterly data of Statistics Canada, among the 9 out of 10 Canadian provinces international migration was the primary cause for population growth in the fourth quarter of 2018.